[e-ISSN : 2277-2782]

Pharmacognostic Evaluation of Whole Plant of Sida spinosa linn. (Malvaceae)

International Journal of Novel Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences,2012,2,1,42-46.
Published:February 2012
Type:Research Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

S. Selvadurai1,* , R. Senthamarai2, T. Shri Vijaya Kirubha2, M. Nishanthi3, B. Vijayakumar4

1Department of Pharmacognosy, Smt. Sarojini Ramulamma College of Pharmacy, Mahubnagar, Andhra Pradesh, India.

2Department of Pharmacognosy, Periyar College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Trichy, Tamilnadu, India.

3Department of Pharmacognosy, Srivenkateswara College of Pharmacy, R.V.S Nagar, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, India

4Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Srivenkateswara College of Pharmacy, R.V.S Nagar, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Abstract:

Pharmacognostic evaluation of whole plant of Sida spinosa Linn. was carried out to determine the macroscopical and microscopical characters, determination of leaf content, extractive value, fluorescence analysis, ash analysis, treatment with strong acid, phytochemical and elemental analysis. Highest extractive values were found with water and ethanol. The fluorescence analysis under visible light and under UV light by treatment with different chemical reagents showed different colour changes. The presences of alkaloids, steroids, flavonoids, saponins were confirmed during preliminary phytochemical screening.

T.S of Stem- Ground Plan